Preventing food poisoning

Families and cooks should prevent the growth of food poisoning bacteria by ensuring that all food stored in the refrigerator is covered and adequately refrigerated. You must always wash your hands after visiting the lavatory. You also must make sure that deep frozen food is thawed before cooking. Ensure that red kidney beans are always cooked for the recommended time to remove the toxin that is present in the raw beans.

You should as a rule, avoid eating raw eggs or half cooked food. You should wash your hands after handling raw meat or eggs, particularly before handling other foods and should not allow juices from raw meat to come into contact with other foods. During the summer, food items can easily be contaminated by bacteria because of boiling temperature. Hence, it is always advised to store your food properly in refrigerator.

Possibly the most effective home remedy for food poisoning is prevention. You must always keep foods protected from insects and exposure to chemicals. You should never use the same cutting board for raw and cooked foods and certainly make sure meats are cooked thoroughly before serving.

Food poisoning

Food poisoning is defined as any disease of an infectious or toxic nature caused by the consumption of food or drink. The term is most often used to describe the illness, usually diarrhea or vomiting caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites. Very occasionally poisoning are caused by chemicals. Most of the food poisoning incidents take place in the kitchen. The main reason is the negligence of cooks while preparing food. In truth, incidents related to food poisoning can easily be averted if some precautions are taken at the home front only. Infants, children and elderly people have a higher risk for food poisoning, as their immunity is generally lesser as compared to mature adults. You are at greatest risk if you are diabetic, have kidney disease, and a weak immune system. Some types of food poisoning can produce symptoms within a few hours of the contaminated food being eaten, whilst others may not occur for some days.

Types of food poisoning

Food poisoning may be of the following two types: Non–bacterial and Bacterial. The non bacterial food poisoning is generally caused by chemicals such as arsenic or due to chemicals in sea food. There is a lot of contamination of food nowadays due to chemicals like fertilizers, pesticides etc. The Bacterial type of food poisoning is caused by the ingestion of foods contaminated by living bacteria or their toxins. There are some food poisoning signs which require immediate medical attention or may be hospitalization like stools containing blood or high fever.

One of the most common symptoms is cramps in the stomach. You might start to have nausea or vomiting tendencies. Feelings of nausea can be treated by limiting the victim’s diet to clear liquids and soups until the food poisoning event has passed. Some people might start to suffer from diarrhea for more than a couple of days. If diarrhea and vomiting continue for a long time, you could also experience weakness and fatigue. You are forced to vomit in order to remove the contaminated food items from your stomach. Though it is a good sign, it will cause dehydration later. Hence in order to sustain the fluid level in your body, you must keep drinking liquids often. It is recommended to intake glucose or oral rehydration salts. There could be signals popping up of dizziness, thirst, light-headedness.

E-coli, bacteria , food poisoning

One of the most common is E-coli, and you will find that there are many different strains out there. Some of the strains are relatively mild, but they will still require a visit to the hospital. Others are far more serious and may result in death. Most of the contamination involving E-coli comes from improper storage and preparation. Under prepared meat are common ways for E-coli to spread, as the meat can be exposed to feces during the slaughtering process. Of course, meat isn’t the only way that E-coli spread through. It could even spread through vegetables, such as lettuce. The contamination will start with bacteria being present in the animals raised for food. Meat and poultry can become contaminated during slaughter through cross-contamination from intestinal fecal matter. Similarly, fresh fruits and vegetables can be contaminated if they are washed using water contaminated with animal manure or human sewage. During food processing, contamination is also possible from infected food handlers. Lastly, poor hygiene in the home is also a factor.

Many bacteria can contaminate food. Mishandling of raw poultry and consumption of undercooked poultry are the main causes for such contamination. In order to stop cross contamination of poultry, you should keep all cutting boards clean; wash them with hot water after each use. Parasites are organisms that enter the body through the mouth when contaminated food or drink is swallowed. Such parasitic organisms can be found in foods such as raw or undercooked meats, especially pork, lamb, and in drinking untreated water. Simple precautions can reduce the risk of contamination. For instance, meat left at room temperature promotes bacterial growth and refrigeration helps to suppress it. You must refrigerate or freeze perishable foods. Harmful bacteria can reproduce rapidly if foods are not properly cooled. One should refrigerate or freeze perishable foods within

Food contamination

Food contamination makes the food inedible. It can cause severe illness when such contaminated food is consumed by humans. Food contamination refers to foods that are spoiled or tainted because they either contain microorganisms, such as bacteria or parasites, or toxic substances that make them unfit for consumption. Contamination can be due to three main factors – biological, chemical or due to physical contamination. Biological contamination occurs due to bacteria, parasites, viruses. Chemical contamination is mainly due to cleaners, sanitizers, additives etc. Glass or metal particles in food can cause immense harm to the human body and if such type of particles is found in human body, it is called physical contamination. Four metals, namely lead, arsenic, cadmium and mercury, are of particular concern in food because of their toxicity. These may accumulate in the body and cause organ damage particularly to groups such as young children or older people.

Environmental contaminants include substances from natural sources or from industry and agriculture. Many of the naturally occurring contaminants in food are of microbiological origin and consist of harmful bacteria, bacterial toxins and fungal toxins. Chemicals contaminate foods through different routes depending on the chemical and its physical properties, its use, and the source or mechanism of contamination. The environmental contamination of food is a result of our modern, high-technology society. We produce and consume large volumes of a wide variety of substances, some of which are toxic. Environmental contaminants that can enter the food supply chain include pesticides, heavy metals, and other chemical agents.

A Balanced Diet

Nowadays people in large numbers and at a much early age start suffering from diabetes, high cholesterol, high or low blood pressure and also heart ailments. These are called lifestyle diseases as we suffer from these ailments due to a stressful lifestyle and improper eating habits. These can be rectified by a disciplined lifestyle, which include exercise and a balanced diet. Therefore it is imperative to have a balanced diet for a long and healthy life. A balanced diet requires choosing different types of food from the different food groups and their correct quantity. A balanced diet is essential for good health.

Different age group requires different kinds of diet according to the
function their body is performing. A balanced diet includes food from all
food groups providing various nutrients like carbohydrate, vitamins,
minerals, fats and proteins on a daily basis. This may vary from people to people depending on their age, activity and weight. It also varies
according to an individual’s food intake capacity or restrictions due to
health issues like allergies or diabetes.

Age wise nutrition requirement

As mentioned already, diet varies according to the age. Growing children need all nutrients but especially they require body building food and food that will strengthen their bones. This food should be rich in proteins and calcium. Therefore milk is a very vital drink in a child’s diet and should be included daily along with other types of food to ensure that they get high nutrients as they are very crucial at this stage.

Young healthy adults too require diet rich in all nutrients. But it is
essential to avoid fatty food to avoid ailments in the future. Also young
people as well as middle aged people must have a restricted diet and avoid foods having more sugar, salt and fats. These types of food lead to lots of ailments like diabetes and hypertension, which affects the body functioning. Therefore in this age group it is essential to keep track of the calories taken in to avoid obesity and other ailments.

For elderly people, who invariably suffer some ailment or another, a
balanced diet according to their age and ailment is essential. It is best
to have diet according to a doctor’s recommendation.

Generally a well balanced diet consists of lots of fruits and vegetables,
along with whole grains and fish and drinking at least 8 glasses of water
is essential. It is essential to include all kinds of food groups in the
right quantity for a balanced diet. For this we need to follow the food
pyramid which provides us with the food groups and the right quantity of the food group intake

Coastal Seafood festival

Coastal seafood festival at The Park, Calangute, Goa
Duration : 30 January 2015 to 15 February 2015
Timings : 13.00 hrs to 23 hours
Experienced chef has prepared the best of coastal indian cuisine choosing the right ingredients

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Disadvantages of ordering food from takeaway/restaurant

Though ordering food for a family meal from a restaurant can be very convenient there are many disadvantages of ordering food from outside
1.Expensive – the restaurant or takeaway prices may be significantly higher than the actual cost of cooking the meal due to higher overheads for the restaurant.
2.Food ingredient – little control over the quality of the ingredient used while cooking the food, if a person has been harassed or has many enemies, these people can put a poison in the food, which can be very dangerous. The problem will be particularly accute when the food was ordered over phone or online, which the enemies can easily track, and poison if they wish. Hence while ordering it will be better to order from places which have pre cooked food, which they only pack according to order. If a person is young and has no enemies, then eating out will be convenient and cheap.
3. Cooking style – the method of cooking at a restaurant may not be suitable for everyone, especially the health conscious, those with dietary restriction specified by their doctor, they will use too much oil, ghee while cooking the food, which some people may not prefer
4. Delivery time : Many restaurants will be open only for a few hours a day, and will be closed for the rest of the time, Even when these restaurants are open, certain dishes will be available only during the evening or at lunch time. Hence food will not be available whenever required.

At Home Personal trainers

Greedy restaurant owner

A local newspaper in Goa recently quoted John Thomas, a tourist from UK, who had been visiting Goa for the past 20 years, spending six months of year in Goa. After discussing with other tourists, he had decided not to come to Goa again during winter, he would prefer to go elsewhere in South East Asia where he would get better value for money, people are less greedy. He said” goan people touched by tourism, are a greedy jealous race, see tourist as walking ATM machine, Everything related to tourism has got overpriced,
Tourist restaurant have mostly unhygienic kitchen
hugely increasing prices every year,
serving smaller portions every year
pay their staff very little money
If a restaurant or guest house has a good year, they will not reinvest on the restaurant, spend money elsewhere on a car. “